The UN General Assembly opened on Thursday a resolution that condemned Washington's recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
Wednesday, Donald Trump was keen warned countries that adopt the text.
This Palestinians-led vote was on a text claiming that a decision on the status of Jerusalem "has no legal force" and that the Jerusalem issue should be an integral part of a final peace agreement. between Israelis and Palestinians.
The General Assembly has 193 members.
The vote took place after various interventions.
The United States ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, reiterated on Thursday its threats to countries voting for a resolution condemning Washington's decision to designate Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, shortly before the vote at the UN General Assembly.
"The United States will remember this day, which saw them pilloried by the General Assembly for the sole exercise of our sovereign right," said Haley.
"We will remember when we are asked once again to make the largest (financial) contribution to the United Nations. And we will remember when many countries come to ask us, as they so often do, to pay even more and use our influence to their advantage, "she said.
The decision to transfer the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, announced on Dec. 6, "does not prejudge any final status issues including the boundaries of Jerusalem," Nikki Haley said.
"This decision does not exclude a two-state solution if the parties agree on it. This decision does not attack peace efforts. The decision of the president rather reflects the will of the American people and our right, as a nation, to choose the location of our embassy, "she said.
Danny Danon, the Israeli ambassador to the UN, was the fourth speaker after the Yemeni, Palestinian and Turkish representatives. Danon blasted the countries supporting the resolution, saying they are controlled by the Palestinians and supporting terrorism.
"Those who support today's resolution are puppets. You are puppets manipulated by your Palestinian masters, "he said.
Palestinians "know that it will not create jobs for their people. They know that this will not improve the health system for the people of Ramallah. But it proves to the Palestinians that they can continue to reject peace, "he said.
"Instead, they incite hatred and perpetrate terrorist attacks against Israel. "If you vote in favor of the resolution," he said, "you punish them."
Danon also indicated that, although it is likely that the resolution will be adopted today, it will eventually be rejected and the nations of the world will recognize all of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
"42 years ago, this body adopted another shameful resolution that compared Zionism to racism. It took 16 years for this hate resolution to be repealed. "
"There is no doubt that today's resolution will also end up in the dustbin of history. There is no doubt that the day will come when the international community will finally recognize Jerusalem as the eternal capital of the State of Israel, "he added.
"No resolution of the General Assembly will drive us out of Jerusalem," Danny Danon also told the Assembly.
The Yemeni ambassador described the session as an "emergency session".
"We express our regret at the US President's use of the veto in the Security Council to reject this motion. It is a flagrant violation of the rights of the Palestinian people and the rights of Muslims and Christians around the world. It will fuel extremism, "he said.
The 14 US partners in the Security Council unanimously approved a condemnation of Donald Trump's decision on Monday. A vote finally blocked by a veto from the United States perceived as "an insult we will not forget," had already launched Nikki Haley.
At the General Assembly, however, no country has the right to veto resolutions, which are not binding.
The Yemeni ambassador said his country "calls on all countries, including the United States, not to change policies regarding the illegal occupation of East Jerusalem. "
"We call all countries that love peace and wish to stand up to the rule of law," said the Yemeni envoy.
"Vote for the right, vote for stability, and vote for peace in Palestine and throughout the Arab world. "
Riyad Mansour, the Palestinian Authority's ambassador to the United Nations, said the US decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel was "an aggression against the Palestinian people."
"This decision will not affect the status of the city," he said. "But it affects the status of the United States as a mediator for peace. "
"We will not be threatened," he added, referring to the budget cuts announced by Trump. He said the countries that criticized the decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel "are working on behalf of humanity and peace."
"History records names, it remembers names, names of those who defend what is right and names of those who lie. Today, we want rights and peace, "he said, echoing Nikki Haley's warning that the United States would" remember the name "of those who oppose the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
"The international community must recognize a Palestinian state within the 1967 borders," al-Maliki said.
"We call on you to reject blackmail and intimidation," he said. "Those who want peace must vote in favor of this resolution. "
Turkish Ambassador to the United Nations Feridun Sinirliolu called on nations to support this resolution.
"Today's vote is important because it shows that Palestinians are not alone," he said. "This vote asserts that the Palestinian cause is our cause. "
The Iranian ambassador to the United Nations said during the General Assembly that "the Israeli occupation is at the heart of all crises and conflicts in the Middle East".
Calling countries to vote in favor of the resolution, he described Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as "politically wrong, illegal and unjustified".
In this context, Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs, said that a member state had threatened all other members to "face the consequences", probably referring to the United States, if they did not vote against the resolution.
Individual nations have been threatened with a reduction in their development assistance, he said. "It's bullying and the organization will not accept it. It is unethical to think that votes and dignity are for sale ... We will not be intimidated. You can be strong, but that does not do you justice. "
The results of the vote were revealed at the end of the day: 128 countries voted in favor of the resolution condemning Washington's recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel; 9 voted against and 35 abstained.