Tsedek-Israel News No. 125 - Sept-Oct 2017

Home"columnists"Tsedek-Israel News No. 125 - Sept-Oct 2017
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Tsedek-Israel News No. 125                         sept-oct 2017

Distinctions & performances

An organic olive oil from the Tamir family estate won the gold medal at the International Olive Oil Quality Competition of London International Health Olive Oil Competitions 2017 from 148 brands.
- Students of the Mechanical Engineering School of Tel Aviv University won in 2016 the 4thth place of the international university competition of construction and flight of unmanned aircraft.
- Lior Geller's graduation film "Routes" ("Drakhim"), directed and directed by Steve Tisch of the Tel Aviv University Film School, now holds the Guinness world record for the shortest student film with the highest number of awards. The 20-minute short film has been screened at more than 60 festivals in 36 countries, and has won 24 awards, including first prizes at the Jerusalem Film Festival, the Beijing Film Festival and the International Association Awards. film schools. An audacious crime drama, it tells the story of an Arab child from Lod who dreams of escaping the world of violence and drugs in which he grew up, and who gets the help of a demobilized Israeli soldier.
- According to the Inter-Nations network, Israel is the 3rdth out of 45 countries where it is good to raise children, after Finland and Czechoslovakia

High tech

- Founded in 2015 by Ariel Zamir, Eli David and Guy Caspi in Tel Aviv, Fifth Dimension is specialized in artificial intelligence and employs a hundred people. The start-up helps states to analyze their mass data and, thanks to them, to fight against terrorism. Fifth Dimension has developed a tool for analyzing large volumes of real-time data (deep learning) via the use of artificial intelligence. The company can predict or detect "threats".
- In full swing with the advent of the new economy, office sharing between self-employed and small companies is
promoted by WeWork which has 100,000 members. This start-up is the work of Adam Neumann who weighs $ 2.5 billion. The specificity of WeWork lies in a range of services promoting exchanges and meetings between its members. Among the various services, a free bar, sports lessons, a free breakfast once a week, conferences, but also a social network that offers a link between its members. Thirtieth country of establishment, in France a new space of 2400 m2 was opened in Paris 9, rue Lafayette. The benefits range from 42e/ month to 890e/month.
- The startup StemRad has developed radioactivity protection belts for workers in Fukushima and Chernobyl. It is now testing jackets designed to protect astronauts against harmful radiation in space. The "AstroRad" jackets, made to measure, will be worn by NASA astronauts, during the trip to Mars scheduled for mid 2030.

Tourism & transport

- Subsidiary of Urban Aeronautics of Yavne, Metro Skyways plans to build an electric aerial tramway consisting of individual cells for 4 passengers, called VTOL (vertical take-off and landing flying car), vehicle flying at take off / landing vertical, based on the rotor of the mother house with "Fancraft" technology. This company has already produced "Cormorant", a 6.2m x 2.15m airlifter transporting 2 wounded. The project will be realized in 5 years, and will be designed to work with any fuel, even hydrogen.
- According to Lior Zeno-Zamasky who organized the EcoMotion exhibition in Jaffa, 550 start-ups are specialized in transport technologies
- " Rails for Regional Peace Is the new rail link plan between Haifa, Jordan and the emirates of the Arabian Peninsula. According to Transport Minister Yisrael Katz, this plan would have the support of the United States. It should be noted that the distance between the main Saudi port of Dammam and Haifa is 6000 km by sea, while it is only 600 km by land
- According to Minister of Energy and Infrastructure Yuval Steinitz, an agreement has been concluded with Europe to build in eight years an underwater network for transporting natural gas from the Eastern Mediterranean to Europe via Cyprus, Greece and Italy. Long 2000 km this pipeline network will cost $ 5.5 billion.

Archeology

- There are many huge ancient pools in Jerusalem that were used by pilgrims on their 3 annual climbs to the Temple Mount, used for washing, drinking, ablutions or ritual (Soltan, Hezekiah, Shiloah, Israel ...) according to Dr. David Gurevich, archaeologist at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. They were up to 30 m deep and 120 m wide. The residents of the city also had their own private pool.
- Located near the Temple Mount, around the southwestern section of the Western Wall, the garden archeological center Davidson presents antiques from the Second Temple and early Muslim and Byzantine periods, collected since the end of the Six Day War. According to Pini Refael, head of education and tourism for the Jewish Quarter Restoration and Development Society, the garden has nearly 3,000 years of history in a historic place: " Since the Six Day War, there have been many academic delegations from around the world to conduct excavations around the Temple Mount because excavation had not taken place on the Temple Mount itself ... Layer after layer, the discoveries were made on a perimeter covering 3000 m2, with a depth of up to 15 to 20 meters .... We found the remains of a door and a wall dating from the time of King Solomon, as well as thousands of pieces, ancient jars, seals and stones with Hebrew inscriptions from the period of 2th Temple "
- According to the Israeli Antiquities Authority (AIA), the discoveries in Caesarea are the result of one of the most important conservation projects ever made in the country. For archaeologist Peter Gendelman, this is undoubtedly the complex and interesting project on which he has worked in his 30-year career. According to Guy Swersky, vice-president of the Rothschild Caesarea Foundation, Caesarea was an important city from Roman times to Crusader times. "It was by far the most important port city of this region of the Middle East"- There was discovered a small tablet of mother-of-pearl engraved with a menorah (candlestick with seven branches), proof of the Jewish presence on the site from 4/5th s. Caesarea was built by the King of Judea Herod I about 2,030 years ago.
- In the Temple Mount rubble thrown into the Kidron Valley in 1999, during the illegal underground constructions of Arab places of worship, a shard of a human-sized statue was found particularly interesting, since it represents an inch of 3, 5cm, black stone of Egyptian origin, dating from 3500/4000 years. The remains of a statue shoulder, beetles, seals and Egyptian jewelery from the same period have also been found. To date 70% of the rubble has been sieved by the teams of Dr. Gabriel Barkay and Zachi Dvira.
Another interesting discovery in the rubble is the Doric capital, carefully carved, of a column of the Temple of Jerusalem, 75 cm in circumference at its summit. The 12.5m column was part of the double colonnade that surrounded the Temple Mount piazza and had a cedar roof protecting the pilgrims.

revelations

Did you know ? The laboratory of Prof. Krylov of the Tel Aviv University School of Engineering specializes in the development of electromechanical microsystems (MEMS), of the order of a millimeter, and even nanosystems of the order of a billionth of a meter (NEMS). These tiny sensors are implanted in the automobile, aeronautics, smartphones, robots, unmanned aircraft, drones and autonomous vehicles ....
Did you know ? The Odyssea Program is intended to foster the development of early-stage young scientific talent, particularly for fourth-grade students with excellent academic performance and successful completion of two selection examinations and a preparatory course. 'summer. It offers three sections: physics, cyber studies and Biomed. Built on academic content, the program is eligible for credits that prospective students can keep for up to 5 years after their military service.
Did you know ?  The Israel Foundation for Modern Agriculture brought together international agribusiness experts, government officials, academics and students to lead the movement.clean meatFrom small-scale production to mass production on a global scale. The "clean meatAlso known as farmed meat, it is a real meat from animal cells from non-slaughter food production facilities. It's cleaner in terms of hygiene and respectful of the environment. Clean meat is also intended to reduce animal suffering and health crises caused by pathogens and residues of food medicines in meat from slaughtered animals.

Defense

A concrete plant was built in the northern Gaza Strip to accelerate the ongoing establishment of an underground barrier to neutralize Hamas's terrorist tunnels. This barrier, which includes several mechanisms along nearly 64 km along the border, will include an "intelligent" fence similar to that which exists today along the border with Egypt, underground concrete walls, as well as 'a secret tunnel detection technology.

Inventions and discoveries

- Dr. Elitzur and his team at Technion have developed a way to produce hydrogen from water and aluminum. This patented method can be used on board aircraft in mid-flight to produce hydrogen with water (including aircraft wastewater) and aluminum particles safely and at the lowest cost. The hydrogen can then be converted into electrical energy for use in flight. This breakthrough could pave the way for less polluting aircraft that would replace the hydraulic and pneumatic systems generally powered by the main engine. According to Dr. Elitzur " The hydrogen produced on board the aircraft during the flight can be routed to a fuel cell for the production of electrical energy. This technology offers a good answer to several challenges, such as the storage of hydrogen, avoiding problems related to the storage of hydrogen in the liquid or gaseous state. "- The team used a proton exchange membrane fuel cell - and an aluminum activation process, patented by study co-authors Prof. Alon Gany and Dr. Valery Rosenband. This technology would have the following advantages: quieter operations on board; drastic reductions in CO2 emissions; compact storage, no need for hydrogen storage tanks on board; more efficient electric power generation; a reduction in wiring (several fuel cells can be located near their point of use): thermal efficiency (heat generated by fuel cells can be used for defrosting, gas jet heating): flammable vapors reduced in fuel tanks (production of inert gas). In summary, "the efficient production and storage of hydrogen is the future of energy and aircraft safety needs "
- Prof. Oded Béjà of the Technion Faculty of Biology and his team led by Dr. Alon Philosof have sequenced DNA segments to identify microorganisms living in the waters of the Gulf of Eilat. They used metagenomics, a bioinformatic approach that combines computer algorithms with biological knowledge. They have been able to reconstruct the genomes of viruses that attack marine archaebacteria. In total, 26 viruses previously unknown to science were detected in this detective work. This complex reconstruction was made possible by the use of the ATLAS computer system used to analyze the results of the CERN particle accelerator in Switzerland. Dr. Philosof: "On the basis of the similarity between segments of the genetic material of viruses and those of marine archaebacteria, it was concluded that these viruses attack these microorganisms.
- Pr. Malka Cohen-Armon of the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology of the Faculty of Medicine at Tel-Aviv University has discovered a new method of targeted destruction of aggressive cancer cells exploiting a natural mechanism of cell suicide that exists in all cells. The study opens new hope for the development of drugs adapted to a variety of malignant tumors resistant to current treatments. Pr. Cohen-Armon: " We discovered in 2009 that molecules derived from phenanthrene (so-called tricyclic aromatic hydrocarbon) effectively kill breast cancer metastases that do not react to traditional therapies ", ... We then examined the effect of these molecules on other types treatment-resistant malignancies, such as ovarian cancer, colon cancer, pancreatic cancer, a rare form of brain and lung cancer, and we found that these molecules were able to destroy them in the 48 to 96 hours. In parallel, we also found that the procedure does not cause any damage to healthy cells, and that cancer cell damage occurs during cell division (mitosis). Following these results, we sought to study this process of destruction ".
According to Dr. Shomron, breast cancer is the deadliest cancer in women and one in eight women in the world will experience the disease in her lifetime. The chance of survival of patients, 5 years after diagnosis, has increased by only 3% over the last 20 years, and the chances of recovery decrease considerably after the development of metastases.
His lab and his team sought to identify the metastases and stop the mechanism by which the cancer cells moved, so that they could not migrate from the primary tumor to the vital organs of the body.
They used huge databases and they crossed four types of data: the mutations of DNA that characterize breast cancer, a subset of genes responsible for changing the shape of the cell, genes which have binding domains with regulatory microRNAs - capable of silencing the expression of a gene - and clinical data on mutations actually recorded in breast cancer patients. The cross-checking of the data made it possible to identify a specific gene belonging to the four groups and to deactivate it.

Social issues

- 1000 teenagers tried to commit suicide in 2016, or 5% of 20,000 at-risk teenagers. According to the Elem group, a thousand live on the street and 800 individuals are involved in prostitution. The suicide rate is nevertheless among the 2 lowest compared to 28 European countries.
- 67% of 15/24 year olds consider themselves right, according to the Macro Center for Political Economy and the Friederich Ebert Foundation. On the religious level, we went from 9% ultra orthodox in 1998 to 15% today. For the laity we went from 50% to 40%.
74% of young people consider that the main problem is not safety, but the cost of living ...

Environment

- In 2004, desalination plants provided 4% of household drinking water, 13 years later, 75 % water consumed comes from the Mediterranean, the rest being pumped in the lake of Galilee. Each year, 600 million cubic meters of drinking water are produced by reverse osmosis by the Society Israel Desalination Engineering Technologies (IDE) - In 40 minutes, water pumped 1 km off the coast, is transported to the plant located on the site of Sorek south of Tel Aviv, and made potable through 50 000 membranes porous, enclosed in white vertical cylinders, filtering water under high pressure and rejecting salt crystals in the sea.
- Sewage recycling puts Israel in the position of world leader for wastewater reuse with a rate of 85%!

Agriculture

Each citizen consumes 2.5 kg / year of extra virgin oil, ten times less than a Greek. Yet the country produces 19,500 t / year of high quality olive oil from the Galilee and Golan - 10 Israeli olive oil producers have won gold certificates at the prestigious international TerraOlivo competition in Sicily.

Economy

- In 2016, the country's economy was booming: GDP growth rate of 3%, unemployment rate of 4.8%, or 3%th after Hong Kong and South Korea and 10th to the index of innovation. Pk / apt: $ 13,800 - Nb of children per Jewish woman: 3.1
- 739,000 visitors came to the 1st quarter of 2017, an increase of 25% compared to last year, creating 5,000 new jobs and injecting $ 1 billion into GNP. Religious pilgrimages today represent 13% of all stays.

Culture

A new Steinhardt Museum of Natural History is scheduled to open this summer at Israel's Tel Aviv University. Shaped like Noah's Ark, the 8,000-m2, $ 48-million building pays homage to natural history and houses a collection of more than 5 million specimens. It is already considered the largest and most comprehensive center in the region for research, education and biodiversity conservation. Designed by Kimmel Eshkolot Architects, the Steinhardt Museum of Natural History contains a public section open to visitors and a section for academic research for faculty and staff.
According to Professor Marcus Feldman of Stanford University, " Israel is the crossroads through which all plants, animals and humans have moved from Africa to Europe and Asia ...  This is the only place in the world where you can see this historical depth. In 10 or 20 years, the Steinhardt Museum will become a major world center for the study of biological systematics, evolution, palaeoecology and paleoanthropology ". See http://jforum.fr/un-arche-de-noe-a-tel-aviv.html#4KEQ8mE3XksveviZ.99

Health

Retinal degeneration in the elderly is a particularly prevalent disease in the Western world. 30% of adults over the age of 75 suffer from it, and 6 to 8% of them suffer from a total vision loss. Prof. Reubinoff and Prof. Eyal Banin, Director of the Center for Diseases of Retinal Degeneration, Department of Ophthalmology, Hadassah, have successfully transplanted embryonic stem cells in five patients. Embryonic stem cells are harvested from embryos donated by couples who no longer wish to have children, fertilized in vitro and frozen. Pr Reubinoff created CellCure, which has specialized in the development of embryonic stem cell transplants in patients with incurable diseases in the nervous system and the eyes. For AMD (retinal macular deficiency), the culture is made from stem cells that contain only the pigment cells of the retina.
As our brains get older, our cognitive abilities naturally diminish and it becomes harder to learn new things or focus on more than one topic at the same time. Under the direction of Dr. Mona Dvir-Ginzberg and the late Prof. Itai Bab, researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have looked for ways to slow down or even reverse this process. They injected doses of cannabis extract (THC) into mice who have the experimental advantage of having a short life. They found that mice that received only placebo had learning problems and memory loss based on natural age. In contrast, the cognitive functions of animals treated with cannabis were just as good as the functions of two-month-old mice used as a control group. The treatment completely reversed the loss of performance in old animals. It remains to be seen whether these results are confirmed in the human brain.
- Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar levels. In the case of resistance, the body needs a growing amount of this hormone to allow cells to absorb glucose. If the insulin is insufficient, too much glucose will spill into the blood, leading to the development of pre-diabetes, then overt diabetes and an increased risk of heart disease and stroke. According to a study conducted by the doctoral student Miri Lutski of the Medical School of Tel Aviv University under the direction of Prof. Dr. Uri Goldbourt and David Tanne, people with insulin resistance, caused in part by obesity and lack of physical activity, are experiencing an accelerated decline in cognitive abilities such as performance and memory functions, which they are diabetic or not. Pr Tanne: " These are very important conclusions because they can help identify groups of individuals at increased risk of cognitive aging and dementia in old age ". If glucose levels start to exceed the norm, he advises " If you want to avoid insulin resistance and better protect your brain from aging, exercise, keep a healthy and balanced diet and watch your weight.

Internet

- 7 applications for a more religious life: Tefillin Mirror for the wearing of tefillin, Minyan Now search for people in the neighborhood to get to 10, Shabbat & Holiday Times, give dates and times, Kosher Near Me, landmark kosher stores, Smart Siddur, to avoid carrying books, Sefaria, complete traveling library, @TheKotel, pray at the wall at home.

Sources: IsraelValley, SiliconWadi, ...

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