FIGAROVOX / READING -Alexandre Devecchio read Autopsy of a denial of anti-Semitism (Gunner). A precious document that brings together texts by historians, journalists and intellectuals who have followed the debates or testified at the trial of Georges Bensoussan, accused of Islamophobia.
"In France, an anti-Semitism of the everyday", it was the title of the newspaper The world the day of the verdict of the Merah trial and the day after the new desecration of Ilan Halimi's stele in Bagneux. A vague formula that expresses the embarrassment of the newspaper to say what remains a taboo. The rise of Arab-Muslim anti-Semitism in France against a backdrop of satellite dishes and the Islamization of the suburbs. An anti-Semitism that caused the massive exodus of Jews from certain neighborhoods and the desertion of Jewish children from public schools in Seine-Saint-Denis. An anti-Semitism that can even be deadly as was the case this year for Sarah Halimi, beaten and defenestrated by her neighbor shouting "God is great" in a HLM of Belleville. From this "new" anti-Semitism we are not unaware of anything since the publication of Lost territories of the Republic in 2002, a book led by the historian Georges Bensoussan which gathered the testimonials of many suburban teachers.
January 25, 2017, however, opened before the justice of the Republic the trial of the same Georges Bensoussan for "provocation to discrimination, hatred, violence ...". His crime? Having said aloud in the fire of the show "Replicas" animated by Alain Finkielkraut, this disturbing reality. He had launched (citing in an approximate way the sociologist of Algerian origin Smaïn Laacher): "It is a shame to maintain this taboo, namely that in Arab families in France, and everyone knows but no one wants to say it, antisemitism is sucked with the mother's milk"It was enough to report the controversial Collective against Islamophobia in France (CCIF) for the prosecution decides to continue, five months after the facts. Against all odds, SOS Racism, the LDH, the Mrap but also the Licra had joined the prosecution.
Autopsy of a denial of anti-Semitism (L'Artilleur) collects texts from historians, journalists and intellectuals who followed the proceedings or testified at the trial as well as the pleadings of Michel Laval, Georges Bensoussan's lawyer, and the judgment in its entirety. A valuable document that may be studied in depth by the historians of the future as this trial, which is also that of the real, represents a turning point. It is emblematic of both the judicialization of public debate in France, the drift of militant anti-racism and French fractures. "Never, when more than forty years ago I crossed the gates of this Palace, I would have imagined having to plead one day such a cause, will say Michel Laval before the president of the XVII correctional room. I never imagined having to defend the freedom of expression and thought against the dark forces of a new fanaticism. "
In addition to this vigorous oral argument, we will note the courageous testimony of the writer Boualem Sansal. "Algeria does not consider Islamophobia as a crime or a crime ... In Algeria, there is not, never was, and I hope it will be the same tomorrow and after- tomorrow, business Bensoussan. "Or again:" To say that anti-Semitism is part of the Islamic culture is simply to repeat what is said in the Koran, the mosque and probably in many traditionalist families. "
Readers should not miss the key articles of Michèle Tribalat and Barbara Lefebvre. In "Freedom of expression in danger", the demographer gives us a newspeak course. Except to be a rap singer or to belong to an ethnic or religious minority, avoid everything that seems like a generalization, an essentialization, forget the metaphors of the French language, make sure the good use of articles. The article "THE" can be fatal. Prefer the article "DES", less globalizing. And if your tongue sticks anyway, you are asked to apologize quickly and publicly. Lefebvre, professor of history, brilliantly shows the contradictions of the new antiracism.
Cited in defense of Bensoussan, Alain Finkielkraut had defined with gravity the stake of the trial: "A misguided antiracism enjoins you to criminalize the anxiety instead of fighting the reality on which it is based. If you yield, it will be an intellectual and moral catastrophe. "The judges of the seventeenth did not give in and disavowed the prosecution, but the announced" intellectual and moral catastrophe "may have already occurred, as it is true that a form of self-censorship, if not censorship, continues to weigh on certain subjects.
- The Bensoussan affair or the disturbing drift of anti-racism
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