FIGAROVOX / CHRONICLE - The major Western countries suffer from both a lack of internal cohesion and an accumulation of inconsistencies in foreign policy.
From a Western point of view, Islamist attacks in Europe (Spain and Finland) and the resurgence of the racial issue in the United States will have marked black this August 2017. The bloody events of Barcelona, Turku and Charlottesville remind us brutally that the West has faced, for a generation, a double challenge.
For the major Western countries suffer from both a lack of internal cohesion and an accumulation of inconsistencies in foreign policy.
Internally, the model of European states' integration of their immigrants has worked well throughout the twentieth century with populations of very different origins. But there is one major exception: this model seems to be powerless to fully integrate populations of Muslim faith. How to explain it? By the absence of separation of politics and religion in Islam? By the rejection, since the twelfth century in the Sunnism, of any effort of critical interpretation of its sacred texts, whose consequence is the application to the letter of precepts having regulated the life of the Bedouins of the Arabian peninsula in the seventh century? For other reasons? The existence of an initial cultural gap to be crossed by the immigrant is not a satisfactory explanation. The Jews of the Russian Empire who immigrated to France or the United States in the late nineteenth century had grown up in a totally different civilization: they nevertheless integrated perfectly into the French and American societies.
As it is rightly considered that it is up to the immigrant to adapt to the societies in which he enters and not to the societies to adapt to him, we often forget to consider the situation of the host countries. It must be recognized that our contemporary European societies find it difficult to seduce many young Muslims. Europeans of a certain age and heritage bear witness to a flourishing Christian civilization. But it is today deserted by the younger generations, immersed in a disheveled consumerism. If you're a young Muslim and you do not feel comfortable in the world of superstores, Disney World, reality TV and fast food, and you're looking for an ideal, what options do you have? ? The communism? He went bankrupt. Christianity? The majority of Europeans have abandoned it. Remains, for minds certainly little cultivated, the fantasized Islam of the first caliphs. The young Muslim immigrant comes to think, as proclaimed by the Muslim Brotherhood, that "Islam is the solution". The solution to all his own problems, as to all those in the society around him. Sharia law becomes the only way possible for the good government of men. We must at all costs return to the morals of our pious ancestors (the "salafs"). The infernal machine is launched: a jihadist is a Salafist who has decided to complete his commitment. How else to explain the hatred shown in Barcelona young terrorists Moroccans whom Catalonia had so generously welcomed?
American society also lacks cohesion. She has never been so divided. The whites are in open rebellion against the cult of minorities and the globalized economy that they are trying to impose on them by the academic and media elites. They can no longer stand being scorned for what they are and feel guilty for what their grandparents were. They form such a strong electoral base behind Trump that no one can swear that the president will not be re-elected in 2020.
The authoritarian regimes of the planet have gone from indifference to contempt for the Western democratic political system. If there is a common thought to Presidents Xi Jinping, Putin and Erdogan, it is that the West is weak, that it does not believe in anything anymore and that it can at any moment collapse like a castle of cards. In Beijing, Moscow and Ankara, leaders believe that European cohesion will not withstand the surge of migration for a long time and that the racial question irrevocably weakens American society. Their contempt - certainly unjustified with regard to their own weaknesses - feeds, moreover, inconsistencies in Western foreign policies.
It has been sixteen years since Westerners sent their soldiers to Afghanistan to "rebuild" and "democratize" them. In vain. In his speech of August 21, 2017, President Trump acknowledged the failure of this attempt at "nation building". Rightly, he blasted a Pakistan who takes American aid with one hand and offers the other a sanctuary for the Taliban. But, no doubt out of respect for all the sacrifices already made by the West in his war on the Kingdom of Insolence, he said nothing about the absurdity of seeing the Americans waging endless war against the Afghan Pashtuns.
Westerners have embarked on costly wars in the deserts of Hindu Kush, Mesopotamia and the Sahel. Wars they will never win, for lack of being ready to resort to the cruelty of colonial expeditions of the nineteenth century. Since the beginning of the new millennium, the West has been wrong. He forgot to defend his own populations against creeping and covert outside aggressions, to embark on distant, thunderous military expeditions to the Jules Ferry, which extolled the "civilizing mission of colonization".
Defend its people: what to say? Two examples. Commercially, Westerners have been unable to counter the Chinese technology plunder. The small European Union countries have just blocked the Merkel-Macron project from increased EU control over Beijing's investments in high-tech companies. Culturally, they have not been able to block the penetration in Europe of an ideology as dangerous as Islamism.
The great fault of the West in this new millennium has been to believe that there would be no violence in welcoming all the cultures of the planet, and that the whole world adopts its principles policies considered by him to be "universal".