Legislative: were there Catholic, Jewish and Muslim votes?

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INFOGRAPHICS - The right has benefited from the vote of Catholics and Jews of France, and the left of that of Muslims. But the more explicitly "confessional" parties did not make the money.

In this study, Ifop analyzes the vote of the French claiming to belong to a religion.

Catholics right, not a Catholic vote

In the legislative elections, 45% of practicing Catholics chose a Republican candidate, UDI or various right, a water level equivalent to that of François Fillon in the first round of the presidential election (46%). 14% opted for FN candidates and 27% for representatives of La République en marche. Practicing Catholics were only 10% to vote for leftist candidates. (...)

But these practitioners were not tempted by a vote in favor of a party claiming to be Christian. Next to LR and UDI representatives, the Christian Democratic Party of Christine Boutin and Jean-Frédéric Poisson presented 91 candidates in the first round. This offer did not find its audience. The average score of the PCD in these constituencies was 1.2%. With some more significant results: 5.6% in the 4th district of Maine-et-Loire (Saumur), 4.1% in the 3rd of Yvelines (La Celle-Saint-Cloud) or even 3.8% in the 1st district of the same department (part of Versailles).

The same goes for candidates who can be related to the Manif movement for all. Common sense had succeeded in having six candidates invested under the label of Republicans. They all achieved very low scores: 6.8% for Hayette Hamidi in the 2nd district of Seine-Saint-Denis, 7.1% in the 3rd district of Pyrénées-Atlantiques for Pierre Saulnier, 12.5% ​​for Anne Lorne in the 1st district of the Rhône, 14.5% for Sébastien Pilard, one of the original leaders of the movement, in the 2nd district of Loire-Atlantique and 16.6% for Charles of Anjou in the 10th of Seine-Maritime. In the 2nd district of Maine-et-Loire, Maxence Henry does not get a much more flattering score (12.1%) but, coming second, he was the only qualified for the second round.

Other figures of the nebula revolving around the Manif for all have also suffered a failure. Invested by the Republicans, François-Xavier Bellamy is significantly outperformed in the first round in the first constituency of Yvelines: 27.5% against 42.2% for Didier Baichère, Republic candidate on the move. In the city of Versailles, where he is deputy mayor, Bellamy is just playing equal with his rival in the first round.

Another important focus of this conservative current, the 10th district of Yvelines, including Rambouillet, and previously owned by Christine Boutin. Outgoing member and official candidate of the right, Jean-Frédéric Poisson got only 19.1% of the votes against Aurore Bergé, a juppéiste passed to La République en marche.

The appearance of Muslim parties

Muslims display a net tropism on the left. In the first round of the presidential election, Jean-Luc Mélenchon came in the lead in this electorate and achieved a double score of his national score, Benoît Hamon, tripling almost his own. During the second round of the primary Socialist Party, where he was particularly about secularism, we had already found a premium for the MP Trappes face Manuel Valls in neighborhoods with a large population of Arab-Muslim immigration as the Creil plateau, the northern neighborhoods of Aulnay-sous-Bois or Val Sud and Val Notre-Dame in Argenteuil.

Several specifically Muslim political groups presented candidates for the legislative elections. It was the case of the Equality and Justice party, a claimed emanation of the Turkish AKP in France, which presented 52 candidates. If this formation is related to the movement of the Muslim Brotherhood, the distribution of its candidates on the territory corresponds to the implantation of the Turkish community (mainly in the east of the country), this party seeking to play at the same time the religious map and the reflex of support for the Turkish government since 65% of the Turks of France voted "yes" in April in the referendum organized by Recep Erdogan.

Other collectives also participated in the legislative elections. The French and Muslim party presented five candidates in Seine-Saint-Denis and one in the Val-de-Marne and the Union of French Muslim Democrats (UDMF) aligned four in the metropolis, one in Mayotte and one in the 9th riding of the French from abroad (Maghreb and West Africa). They obtained marginal scores. Four of the UDMF candidates made less than 1% and Abdelmajid Aodella, whose veiled substitute appeared on the poster, won 2.1% in the 1st district of Hauts-de-Seine (Colombes-Gennevilliers). The scores were hardly more convincing for the candidates of the French and Muslim party, between 0.6% and 1.8%. The candidates of the Turkish movement Equality and Justice did not meet more echo with an average of only 0.6% of the votes.

Jewish vote: the Meyer Habib case

The right-wing attachment of French Jews was confirmed during these legislative elections. In Sarcelles, in the polling stations of the neighborhood with a strong Jewish population called the "Little Jerusalem", the right-wing candidate in the 7th constituency of Val-d'Oise, Jerome Chartier, comes in clearly ahead while he is widely ahead of the candidate of the Republic in march in the rest of the city. In offices 21, 22 and 24, historic sites of a strong Sephardic community of predominantly Tunisian origin and where the Jewish French who leave the rest of the northern suburbs gather, the candidate Republicans exceeds 40% or the 50% from the first round.

In the VIIIth arrondissement of Marseille, Dominique Tian, ​​LR candidate, enjoys strong support in the polling stations on Boulevard du Prado, where many Jewish French reside. In the 803 and 805 offices, he obtained 43.1% and 36.3% in the first round, compared to 26.1% for the entire borough.

It should also be noted that these voters were not insensitive to En marche !, especially in the case of second-round clashes with the insubordinate France, a reputedly pro-Palestinian formation. In Paris, in some offices of the nineteenth arrondissement where these voters had supported François Fillon in the presidential election, the candidates labeled En marche! achieve their best scores in the borough.

If this Jewish electorate has not been offered in France "community candidates", it is quite different in the 8th constituency of the French from abroad. In this constituency, which includes the countries of the northern facade of the Mediterranean basin (Italy, Greece, Turkey, Malta, Cyprus, San Marino, the Vatican and Israel), the outgoing MP UDI Meyer Habib led a campaign directed mainly at the French from Israel, which represents 61% of those enrolled. However, the French of Israel are not expats like the others: many of them are binational or even olims (Jews having performed their Alya and therefore permanently settled in Israel). With support from Benyamin Netanyahu, Israel's Sephardi chief rabbi Yitzhaf and Netanya's rabbis, Meyer Habib led the way in Israel in the first round with 73.2 percent of the vote compared with only 12.6 percent. to the candidate En marche! Florence Drory. The latter, however, ahead of the entire constituency.

Meyer Habib posed as a perfect defender of the Jewish state and "settlements". In particular, he insisted on Florence Drory's 40-year membership in the Socialist Party, which, in his view, was an anti-Israeli and anti-colony obsession. He bet everything on the electorate residing in Israel and left the other territories. This strategy paid off as it won in the second round with 57.9% and the participation in Israel increased 4.5 points between the two rounds while it dropped by about 1 point in the second round. remainder of the constituency. In Israel, he literally crushes his opponent with 87.6% of the vote. Another clue to the impact of this campaign on the positions of the Israeli right is the distribution of votes in Israel as Meyer Habib collects more than 90% in Likud-led cities (Jerusalem, Netanya, Ashdod) but has capped at 75-80% in the Labor communes (Tel Aviv, Haifa or Beer Sheva).

Source: Le Figaro Premium - Legislative: were there any votes Catholic, Jewish and Muslim?

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