Former communist minister Jack Ralite died at the age of 89, said Meriem Derkaoui, mayor of the city of Aubervilliers (Seine-Saint-Denis), whom he led from 1984 to 2003.

Born on May 14, 1928 in Chalons-sur-Marne (Marne), Jack Ralite joined the PCF in 1947. Journalist for the communist daily L'Humanité then L'Humanité-Dimanche, this self-taught passionate about culture is elected for the first time Aubervilliers municipal council in 1959. Communist deputy since 1973, Jack Ralite joined the government in June 1981. He became Minister of Health and Employment, in the 2nd and 3rd governments of Pierre Mauroy, from 1981 to 1984.

One of the four communist ministers of the Mauroy era

He was one of the four communist ministers of that period, with Charles Fiterman, Anicet Le Pors and Marcel Rigout. All four resigned on July 17, 1984 on instruction of the Communist Party on the occasion of the replacement of Pierre Mauroy by Laurent Fabius. The Communist Party intended to protest against the policy of rigor, but also to face the erosion of its electorate, reduced by half (to 11.28%) in the European elections of June 17, 1984.

Elected Mayor of Aubervilliers from 1984, he resigned in 2003. On this occasion, Libération devotes a portrait. He is a senator from 1995 to 2011.

Passionate about culture, Ralite sits in Parliament in the Commission for Cultural Affairs, is committed to the cultural exception and against trade liberalization agreements draft Multilateral Agreement on Investments (AMI). Also host of the Estates General of Culture since 1987, he has been a member of the Board of Directors of the Théâtre du Peuple since 1999, the Paris Summer Festival since 1996, the Cité de la Musique from 1999 to 2006, the Théâtre National de Hill and the Ensemble intercontemporain since 2002 and the Center des monuments nationaux from 2004 to 2008. He was interviewed right here in Libération on the occasion of the Estates General of Culture of 2003.

Jack Ralite is the author of two Tribunes for Liberation: on the vaccination strategy and the suppression of advertising at France Télévision.

For Pierre Laurent, "Jack was a smuggler of ideas, words"

For Pierre Laurent, National Secretary of the Communist Party: "We are losing a Communist and a great politician, one of the best defenders of culture [...] Jack Ralite was one of the most respected communist leaders: of course in his Party He remained loyal all his life, in the Left and in the environmentalists, but also on the right [...] Jack was a free man, a man without borders, who did not allow himself to be dictated by anyone. Jack Ralite was considered a friend of people of culture and considered by them as one of theirs. "

"The inhabitants, he considered them as" experts of everyday life ". Because they were experts, it was necessary to listen, to hear their distress, their suffering, but also their hopes,
their claims. He carried them with fidelity in every hemicycle, every platform where he could be heard. His fight against injustices, against inequalities we make ours. "

"Jack was a smuggler, a smuggler of ideas, a smuggler of actions, a smuggler of words. We take with pride the passage of witness that he transmitted to us "