The Crif, which holds its annual dinner on Wednesday, will create a hate observatory on the Web and ask Emmanuel Macron to strengthen the legislative arsenal.
For the Jewish community, the fight against anti-Semitism is now on the Internet. During his annual dinnerWednesday, in the presence of Emmanuel Macron, the Representative Council of Jewish Institutions in France (CRIF) will mention in particular the forthcoming creation of the Observatory of hate on the Internet. "The Web is a Cocotte-Minute where the worst horrors, the worst prejudices against the Jews, develop, justifies the historian Marc Knobel, director of studies at Crif. Without any regulation. "The fight against hatred on the Internet is also the" priority "of the government plan prepared by the Interministerial Delegation to fight against racism, anti-Semitism and anti-hatred. -LGBT (Dilcrah) for the next three years, which will be unveiled at the end of March.
In a study published late 2014 (1), the Foundation for Political Innovation (Fondapol) already showed that "the triptych formed by social networks, discussion forums and video sharing constituted a media world particularly conducive to the expression, the radicalization and spread of anti-Semitic prejudice ". Half of the complaints filed by the National Office of Vigilance against Antisemitism (BNVCA) today concerns insults or threats on the Internet. "A phenomenon that began more than a decade ago, Sammy Ghozlan says, but growing. But these complaints are often dismissed. "The Observatory of Internet Hatred will have the mission to" observe sites, blogs, all forms of support calling for anti-Semitism, details Marc Knobel. Count these anti-Semitic expressions and then develop a strategy to combat these hatreds. It's difficult, because sites are created then disappear and recreate with other appellations.
And they are often hosted abroad. According to the Crif, "violence on the internet is clearly on the rise": "You only have to see the number of clicks on a video of Dieudonné, or the circulation of certain antisemitic hashtags, continues the director of studies. There are conjunctural phenomena, linked to the news: for example, when an article comes out on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the comments flare up! And structural phenomena, which show that prejudices have not disappeared, as when we talk about bankers ... "The solution? "It goes through education, you hammer at the Crif. Especially since anti-Semitism does not only threaten the Jews. But first, the values of the Republic. "
As for the anti-Semitic attacks, it is a "resumption of particularly strong acts" that notes since the beginning of the year the Minister of the Interior, Gérard Collomb. At the end of January, Place Beauvau published a review of racist, anti-Semitic, anti-Muslim and anti-Christian acts in 2017. Although they have decreased in number overall, the ministry is worried about the "disturbing" intensification of past anti-Semitic violence. from 77 in 2016 to 97 in 2017. In addition, the attacks on Jewish burials and places of worship have increased by 22% compared to 2016. And one racist act out of three, notes the Crif, is directed against a Jew while they represent only 1% of the French population.
Last Wednesday, a 14-year-old boy was assaulted at the exit of the Montmagny synagogue in the Val-d'Oise, treated as a "dirty Jew" by a gang of teenagers in the neighborhood. His kippah would have been torn off and stolen. The juvenile judge did not accept the aggravating circumstance of anti-Semitism. A few days earlier, on February 19th, the baby of a rabbi from the town of Bron (Rhône) was burned with white spirit in his stroller. Thursday, it was a female doctor in the Hauts-de-Seine who received a threatening letter: "listen very old Jewish [...] we will make you misery." Such antisemitic acts, the BNVCA now lists several per week. "I still have two recent cases of Jewish college students being beaten because of their religion," says Samy Ghozlan, president. We notice that assaults of children - often committed by other children - are rising sharply, by about 40%. Be aware that a young Jew born in 2000 did not know anything but antisemitism and recommendations: not to say that he is Jewish, nor wear a kippah ... "
The trivialization of anti-Semitism, "it is also noted among the Jews themselves, who do not necessarily complain," adds the journalist Noémie Halioua, who is preparing to publish The Sarah Halimi Affair(2). "It's linked to the lack of trust in the state, which fails to protect its citizens," she says. Look at Sarah Halimi: this woman was murdered with the cries of "Allah Akbar" in full Paris, in the general indifference. It took eleven months for justice to recognize the anti-Semitic nature of the crime. This anti-Semitism is too politically incorrect because it is Arab-Muslim. There is such a fear of stigmatizing Muslims that one prefers to give up denouncing anti-Semitic aggression. We think that by putting the head in the sand, we will calm tensions, while it is the opposite! "
- Antisemitism: In Germany, social networks punished with a heavy fine
- The Ramadan affair, revealing the "new" anti-Semitism
- These French Jews fleeing the violence of the suburbs
- Serge Moati: "The French Jews feel that their identity is threatened"