More than two months after the referendum of self-determination, the Catalans were called to the polls Thursday to renew the regional Parliament.
Bet won for separatists? According to almost final results, Thursday, December 21, the three independentist parties (ERC-CatSi, Together for Catalonia, CUP) get the majority of seats in the regional parliament - 70 out of 135. However, it is the liberal centrist party Cuidadanos that arrives at the head of the vote with 25% of the vote (37 seats) while the participation reached a historical level (82%, against 75% in 2015).
Catalonia's list of disputed separatist president Carles Puigdemont would win 34 seats, and the Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC), his former vice-president jailed, Oriol Junqueras, would have 32.
With the anti-capitalist CUP (4 elected), the three independentist lists would together obtain 70 seats and regain the absolute majority they had in the parliament dissolved by the central government. The party of Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, the People's Party, receives only 4% of the vote and 3 seats.
Catalan separatist leader in exile Carles Puigdemont on Thursday evening hailed the victory of the separatist camp in Brussels, stressing that "A result that no one can discuss". He added that it was a victory for the «Catalan Republic» on the Spanish state.
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano "Rajoy lost the plebiscite he was looking for", and the fact that the separatist camp remains in the majority is " a slap "jubilant Mr Puigdemont in front of a small parterre of Catalan independence activists and Flemish nationalist sympathizers gathered in a room in the center of Brussels.
"Our position on the question of Catalonia is well known and has been reiterated regularly, and at all levels. She will not change. In the case of a regional election, we have no comment to make »said a spokesman for the European Commission, Alexander Winterstein.
These elections were held more than two months after the self-determination referendum organized by the Catalan government, despite Madrid's refusal. The yes then won with 90% of the votes, but with only 43% of participation.
Catalonia has "Earned the right to have an independent state in the form of a republic", then launches the Catalan president, Carles Puigdemont. There followed several weeks of tensions and ultimatums between Madrid and Barcelona.
On October 27, the Catalan deputies vote a declaration proclaiming the independence of Catalonia by 70 votes for and 10 against. The break with Madrid is consumed, but the symbolic victory is short-lived.
Less than an hour later, the Senate votes on the application of Article 155 of the Constitution, which allows Mariano Rajoy to place Catalonia under tutelage. The Spanish prime minister assumes the presidency of the region, dismisses the Catalan government, dissolves the regional parliament and calls for regional elections on 21 December.
While the unionists begin to be heard and mobilize in the streets, Mr. Puigdemont is targeted by a complaint of the prosecutor at the end of October, including "rebellion, sedition and embezzlement." He will then decide to flee for Belgium, where he has campaigned for these elections in recent weeks.